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This publication has worksheets for figuring the CTC and ODC. It also has a worksheet for figuring earned income. These worksheets are intended primarily for individuals sent to this publication by the instructions to Form 1040, 1040-SR, or 1040-NR, or Schedule 8812. Anyone can choose to use the worksheets in this publication, but most individuals can use a simpler worksheet in their tax return instructions.
Complete the Earned Income Worksheet later in this publication. You only need to complete the other worksheets in this publication if you also were sent here from the Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR, or the Instructions for Form 1040-NR. (If you are required to use this worksheet to figure earned income, be sure to follow the special instructions under the asterisk in the worksheet about attaching a Schedule SE to your return if those instructions apply to you.)
Read the explanation of who must use this publication next. If you find that you are not required to use this publication to figure your CTC and ODC, you can use the simpler worksheet in the Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR, or the Instructions for Form 1040-NR, to figure these credits.
If you have a tax question not answered by this publication or the How To Get Tax Help section at the end of this publication, go to the IRS Interactive Tax Assistant page at IRS.gov/Help/ITA where you can find topics using the search feature or by viewing the categories listed.
If you erroneously claim the CTC, ODC, or ACTC even though you are not eligible for the credit, and it is later determined that your error was due to reckless or intentional disregard of the CTC, ODC, or ACTC rules, you will not be allowed to claim any of these credits for 2 years. If it is determined that your error was due to fraud, you will not be allowed to claim any of these credits for 10 years. You may also have to pay penalties.
This credit is for individuals who claim a child as a dependent if the child meets additional conditions (described later). It is in addition to the credit for child and dependent care expenses (on Schedule 3 (Form 1040), line 2, and the earned income credit (on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 27)).
The child is your son, daughter, stepchild, eligible foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew).
Your son turned 17 on December 30, 2020. He is a citizen of the United States and you claimed him as a dependent on your return. You cannot use him to claim the CTC because he was not under age 17 at the end of 2020.
A child is considered to have lived with you for more than half of 2020 if the child was born or died in 2020 and your home was this child's home for more than half the time he or she was alive. Temporary absences by you or the child for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time the child lived with you.
In addition to being a qualifying child for the CTC (defined earlier), your child must have the required SSN. The required SSN is one that is valid for employment and is issued by the Social Security Administration before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions).
This credit is for individuals with a dependent who meets additional conditions (described later). This credit is in addition to the credit for child and dependent care expenses (on Schedule 3 (Form 1040), line 2, and the earned income credit (on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 27)).
In addition to being a qualifying person for the ODC (defined earlier), the person must have an SSN, ITIN, or ATIN issued to the dependent on or before the due date of your 2020 return (including extensions). If the person has not been issued an SSN, ITIN, or ATIN by that date, you cannot use the person to claim the ODC. For more information, see Taxpayer Identification Number Requirements , earlier.
The amount on line 18 of your Form 1040, 1040-SR, or Form 1040-NR, is less than the total of both credits. If this amount is zero, you cannot take either credit because there is no tax to reduce. But you may be able to take the ACTC if you are claiming the CTC (you cannot take the ACTC if you are only claiming the ODC). See Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC) , later.
Any amount excluded from income because of the exclusion of income from Puerto Rico. On the dotted line next to Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 11, enter the amount excluded and identify it as \"EPRI.\" Also attach a copy of any Form(s) 499R-2/W-2PR to your return.
For each qualifying child under 17 for whom you are claiming the CTC, you must enter the required SSN for the child in column (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and check the Child tax credit box in column (4). See Child Tax Credit (CTC) , earlier.
For each dependent for whom you are claiming the ODC, you must enter the timely issued TIN for the dependent in column (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and check the Credit for other dependents box in column (4). See Credit for Other Dependents (ODC) , earlier.
You will need to figure your earned income using the Earned Income Worksheet later in this publication, if you are completing the Line 14 Worksheet, later, or you were sent to Pub. 972 from your Schedule 8812 instructions.
If you answered \"Yes\" on line 11 or line 12 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet in your Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR or Instructions for Form 1040-NR (or on line 16 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet in this publication) and line 1 of that worksheet is more than zero, use Schedule 8812 to see if you can take the ACTC.
For each qualifying child under 17 for whom you are claiming the ACTC, be sure to enter the required SSN for the child in column (2) of the Dependents section of your tax return and check the Child tax credit box in column (4).
We ask for the information on the worksheets in this publication to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are required to give us the information if requested. We need it to ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and collect the right amount of tax.
Summary: This is the second page of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet to determine the amount of child tax credit and credit for other dependents the taxpayer can claim. The line items to be completed are:
Summary: This is the Line 14 Worksheet used to determine the amount to be entered on line 14 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet. Before you begin: Complete the Earned Income Worksheet, later in this publication, 1040 and 1040-SR filers. Complete line 18a; Schedule 2, line 5; and Schedule 3, line 11) of your return if they apply to you. 1040-NR filers. Complete lines 56 and 67 of your return if they apply to you.
Caution: Use this worksheet only if you answered Yes on line 14 of the Child Tax Credit and Credit for Other Dependents Worksheet earlier and you are not filing Form 2555. The line items to be completed are:
If you have questions about a tax issue, need help preparing your tax return, or want to download free publications, forms, or instructions, go to IRS.gov and find resources that can help you right away.
After receiving all your wage and earnings statements (Form W-2, W-2G, 1099-R, 1099-MISC, 1099-NEC, etc.); unemployment compensation statements (by mail or in a digital format) or other government payment statements (Form 1099-G); and interest, dividend, and retirement statements from banks and investment firms (Forms 1099), you have several options to choose from to prepare and file your tax return. You can prepare the tax return yourself, see if you qualify for free tax preparation, or hire a tax professional to prepare your return.
Free File. This program lets you prepare and file your federal individual income tax return for free using brand-name tax-preparation-and-filing software or Free File fillable forms. However, state tax preparation may not be available through Free File. Go to IRS.gov/FreeFile to see if you qualify for free online federal tax preparation, e-filing, and direct deposit or payment options.
VITA. The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program offers free tax help to people with low-to-moderate incomes, persons with disabilities, and limited-English-speaking taxpayers who need help preparing their own tax returns. Go to IRS.gov/VITA, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 800-906-9887 for information on free tax return preparation.
TCE. The Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) program offers free tax help for all taxpayers, particularly those who are 60 years of age and older. TCE volunteers specialize in answering questions about pensions and retirement-related issues unique to seniors. Go to IRS.gov/TCE, download the free IRS2Go app, or call 888-227-7669 for information on free tax return preparation.
Although the tax preparer always signs the return, you're ultimately responsible for providing all the information required for the preparer to accurately prepare your return. Anyone paid to prepare tax returns for others should have a thorough understanding of tax matters. For more information on how to choose a tax preparer, go to Tips for Choosing a Tax Preparer on IRS.gov.
Go to IRS.gov/Coronavirus for links to information on the impact of the coronavirus, as well as tax relief available for individuals and families, small and large businesses, and tax-exempt organizations.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers online service at SSA.gov/employer for fast, free, and secure online W-2 filing options to CPAs, accountants, enrolled agents, and individuals who process Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, and Form W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement. 59ce067264